What moisturizer should I use? How do I pick a moisturizer suitable for my dry and sensitive skin? What’s the difference between creams, oils, serums and mists?
I wrote a previous article about cleansing your skin here, and now it’s about time we get down to step two of a basic skin care routine — the moisturizer.
As a skin scientist with a passion for gentle products I look at moisturizers a bit differently. I’m specifically interested in how different ingredients will hydrate, protect and take care of our skin.
The reason why we want to hydrate our skin is to keep it well protected. Different types of moisturizers have different functions:
- Occlusive moisturizers
Occlusive moisturizers add a protective layer to our skin surface in dry weather or when we experience irritated or very dry skin. Essentially, they prevent the loss of water from the skin. The most common ingredients are unfortunately not very green as they often consist of petroleum derivatives or mineral oils such as paraffin, but they have been endorsed by dermatologists for many years and have been proven to help the most delicate skins. If you want to try a green alternative, look for high quality castor oil at your nearest health food store.
- Humectant moisturizers
- Emollient moisturizer
You will find moisturizers with one or several of these qualities on the market. If you have very dry skin or are experiencing harsh weather conditions, such as a lot of sun, wind or cold temperatures, look for a moisturizer with occlusive qualities. For everyday hydration choose a moisturizer formulated with either humectants or emollients such as the Let’s start over - ELSI Super Moisturizing Serum.
We’ve all been there. At the store browsing the shelf for the perfect product to keep our skin hydrated and healthy. What to pick - an oil, cream, or mist? All of them?
Creams are usually a mix of two insoluble liquids: water and oil with the addition of what is known as a surfactant that will help mix the two together. This creates the white creamy texture. The downside of cream is the number of ingredients you need to add in order to create a stable product. As it contains water they also need to have preservatives to avoid contamination and increase the product’s shelf life.
Oils consist of a blend of one or several oils together with the potential addition of fragrances and antioxidants. Personally, I prefer using oils as they require less ingredients to work well. However, be mindful when shopping for oils as some products contain water and other ingredients. Pro-tip: Check the ingredients and pick a product with the shortest ingredient list. This goes especially if you have sensitive skin which may become irritated by added fragrance or essential oils.
If you are just looking for a quick boost to your skin, why not try a mist? Make sure the product is moisturizing and doesn't contain any harsh chemicals such as alcohol. It can be as simple as Thermal Water by Avene that is rich in skin-boosting minerals. Some mists with probiotics have been shown to help with boosting skin health, try it yourself with the Mother Dirt Probiotic mist.
What’s the deal with serums? Serums prior task is not to moisturize but to deliver a high concentration of actives such as anti-aging ingredients. They should be applied as the first layer on your skin after cleansing. It is recommended to add the moisturizer after this step.